How to make Turkish coffee: recipe and history


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The arrival of coffee in Turkey dates back to the time of the Ottoman Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent. The governor of Yemen, Özdemir Pasha, brought coffee to the Anatolian territories for the first time in 1570.

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Coffee is a staple and the second most consumed drink in the world. His homeland is the Ethiopian region of Kaffa. Coffee beans are harvested from small red fruits of coffee trees, which belong to the Rubiaceae family. Before its discovery in the form of a drink, the natives chewed these seeds in order to obtain more energy. The processing of coffee today since the 14th century is a very interesting process as different varieties of coffee beans and different brewing methods have been derived from it. Around the world, coffee is planted in almost 70 countries, but Turkey is not one of them.

The arrival of coffee in Turkey dates back to the time of the Ottoman Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent. The governor of Yemen, Özdemir Pasha, brought coffee to the Anatolian territories for the first time in 1570. Extending abroad from Yemen to Turkey and from there to Europe, coffee has become an irreplaceable drink. within the palace. The first official cafe was opened in 1551 and with it the cafe became accessible to the public.

You could say that the journey of Turkish coffee began in the courtyard kitchen. Contrary to popular belief, Turkish coffee is not a bean but an infusion method found in the Ottoman palace. The type of coffee, its roasting technique, its degree of grinding, its type of packaging, the amount of coffee and sugar used per half-cup (small cup to serve Turkish coffee), water, coffee maker, the heat source and its foam are the essential elements to make a traditional cup of Turkish coffee. It is also the first coffee to have been served without filtering its coffee grounds.

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Turkish coffee represents culture rather than just a drink, because what it truly symbolizes is the hospitality and sincerity of the atmosphere in which it is served. With its unique taste, fragrance and presentation, it reflects history, a tradition.

Since Turkish coffee was found in a multicultural Ottoman period, today there are several recipes for Turkish coffee based on regional customs.

In the past, coffee was imported from Abyssinia. However, today Brazil is the leading exporter of coffee.

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In Turkey, coffee prices vary depending on economics and supply, but in general, a kilogram of Turkish coffee costs an average of 50 Turkish Lira ($ 10.9). This means almost 140 cups of Turkish coffee.

In a standard cafe or restaurant, a cup of Turkish coffee costs 5 to 15 lire ($ 1 – $ 3.2) depending on its brand and the quality of the seeds.

Traditional Turkish Coffee Recipe

In every recipe, whether classic or regional, you need to have the right ingredients to make Turkish coffee and materials such as fine pulled beans, high quality water and a copper Turkish coffee maker called a “cezve” .

According to the advice of experienced seniors, for each cup of Turkish coffee, 2 teaspoons of ground coffee and sugar (optional) are added for each cup of water.

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It is necessary to use cold water when brewing Turkish coffee to achieve froth, which will keep the coffee hot while looking great. After mixing them well, the mixture should be cooked over very low heat.

Beneficial and Harmful Sides of Turkish Coffee

Turkish coffee has many health benefits. It is general medical advice that a person can drink up to two cups of sugar-free Turkish coffee per day.

When consumed regularly and in moderate amounts, it not only increases the ability to concentrate and memorize by supporting cognitive functions, but also decreases the risk of cancer thanks to its rich content in antioxidants.

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As it is said in the local Turkish speech, “A cup of Turkish coffee will be remembered for 40 years”.

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About Jeffery L. Parker

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